Types of Credit Card Fraud
Credit card fraud comes in several different forms and even if you don’t currently have any credit cards in your name, you can still become a victim. Criminals are becoming more crafty as they attempt to find ways to steal your credit and use it fraudulently. Here are some of the more common credit card fraud methods that you should familiarize yourself with.
Application fraud: The most common type is the application fraud. Fake or stolen documents are used to open credit card accounts. This is of two types: The card obtained by assuming the identity of someone or by falsifying the financial position to obtain credit.
Assuming the identity of another person is a form of traditional identity theft. The fraudster may create false names and addresses or even steal the identity of an existing person to obtain the card.
Acquiring more credit than entitled, by exaggerating financial position is another common practice. Banks often protect their interests by demanding documents to support the financial claims or by confirming details with the employers.
Stealing: Criminals get hold of your card either by stealing or when you lose it. Postal intercepts are a common form of stealing cards whereby the card is stolen before it reaches the rightful owner by post.
Skimming: This is a type of fraud where the card is cloned or forged without the card owner’s knowledge. The data in the magnetic strip of the card is copied and used. This type of crime is difficult to spot since skimming is exposed only when the next statement is generated. The magnetic strip can be copied by a dishonest employee at the point of sale, with illegal recording devices or by skimming devices installed in cash machines.
Online fraud: Most credit card frauds are committed over the internet. The card details are hacked at the merchant site when being used to make legitimate online purchases. Another common scam is thorough phishing. The phishing sites send out false e-mails or links to fraudulent sites to deceive the card owner to part with card details. These details are then used to make false purchases.
CNP fraud: Purchasing goods on mail order or on telephone without involving a direct seller, where no PIN verification is required, can result in card not present (CNP) fraud. The card details are obtained even from old receipts and since the seller does not verify the PIN number or signature, it becomes difficult to detect such crimes.
BIN attack: Credit cards companies often come under the BIN (Bank Identification Number) attack. Fraudsters generate the last four numbers by obtaining the first six numbers (BIN) of a legitimate card. The cards in the same BIN range have similar data like expiry dates etc.
The key to avoiding such frauds is to be aware and follow safe practices. Always use strong passwords on your internet banking and credit card websites. Do not give secure information on telephone or e-mail. Report a lost card immediately to block any further transaction. Also, consider using a credit monitoring service to keep track of what’s going on with your credit reports. With such simple safe practices, you can ensure that your plastic money is safe.
Types of Credit Card Fraud
One of the biggest loss problems in banks is credit card fraud. Usually, these are performed by a group of individuals that use counterfeit credit cards when cheating unsuspecting merchants or in collaboration with the merchants when cheating the banks. These criminals are referred to as fraud syndicates.
There are numerous types of credit card fraud that were identified by several banks. To fight frauds, they are classified into different categories by their natures and these include the following:
Transactions from counterfeit credit cards are one of the largest fraud issues in the industry. It makes up over forty percent of all money lost because of credit card frauds. Syndicates utilized different methods to acquire information to make counterfeit cards. The created illegal counterfeit cards will have every information of the real credit cards in their magnetic stripes. Card skimming is one of the renowned methods wherein information contained on the magnetic stripes of the cards recorded into the chips illegally installed into the EDC machines or by wire-tapping technology.
Lost or Stolen Cards
Stolen and lost cards are the common types of credit card fraud. This kind of fraud is in essence the simplest way for criminals to get hold of the credit cards of anybody without investing in technology. It’s also perhaps the most difficult form of credit card fraud. It is because there’s no absolute solution to this issue. The perfect way to get rid of this is by preventing cards being stolen or lost in the first place. Customers should be educated on how to take good care of their cards. But, getting cardholders to treat their card with respect is not a simple task. This is an issue that was also identified by many governments of various nations.
Fake and Doctored Cards
Another traditional form of credit card fraud is the creation of doctored and fake cards. Whether it be creating fake cards from scratch or altering the existing cards to show various details, fraudsters are constantly searching for more and new innovative ways to make doctored or fake cards.
The simplest way fraudsters can go about tampering with existing cards that they have acquired is to delete the metallic strips with the powerful electro-magnet. They can also tamper the details on the card so they could match the details of the valid card, which they obtained through stealing. When fraudsters use the card, cashiers will swipe cards through the terminal for a few times before realizing that the metallic strips don’t work. Then, the cashiers will proceed to input the card manually into the terminal. This kind of credit card fraud is highly risky as the cashier will be searching at the cards closely to read numbers. But today, doctored cards are considered outdated.
Fake cards are also becoming an outdated type of credit card fraud because many criminals use modern techniques. Yet, there are still some people who consider this kind of fraud, especially those who are just starting to look for credit card fraud victims. To know what’s going on with your credit reports, monitor your credit regularly and keep a close eye on your credit car statements for unauthorized activity.
Credit card fraud is growing at an alarming rate across the globe and most of them involve online transactions. As a matter of fact, credit card fraud online is expected to increase to billions by 2008, based on the analysis of financial experts. This is quite a worrying statistic considering the detailed research as well as efforts from main credit card companies including MasterCard and Visa to prevent this growing fraud.
Typically, credit card fraud is defined as buying products or services from personnel not associated or connected with particular credit card making the transactions. Thus, the merchants are tricked into releasing merchandises or rendering several services to a false identity. The growth of this kind of fraud is still increasing and expected to grow in the long run.
Credit card fraud is a big problem as well as a dilemma within the society today. To reduce the chances of being a victim of credit card fraud, there are several steps you may consider. Subjects may include securing your bank account information, checking statements, keeping the credit cards safe, and verifying your visa card. Some tips may include not giving your PIN or bank passwords to anyone, throwing your bank statements in the bin without shredding it, and many more.
The most typical method used by criminals is targeting cards and other information in offline shops, unsecured online transactions, and in conversation. If you have a credit card, you should not hand over it to anyone. Keep it out from possible fraudsters and don’t write your PIN number. Keeping your credit card in a safe and secure place is also a good idea.
Majority of mail order, internet, and phone fraud happens because of the reason that one’s card details are stolen. Due to this, don’t let your credit card out of sight and pay importance to it if you don’t want to fall from the criminal’s hands.
Keeping your credit card secure and safe can make a huge difference. But, similar to every consultant, fraudsters are also experts in their field and may acquire information from the smallest chance presented to them. So, check your bank statements regularly. When you get your bank statements, check if there are irregular or unauthorized transactions. If the statement presented such fraudulent transactions, call your credit card company or bank at the soonest date and let them know about the illegal activity.
There are other steps you may consider when avoiding credit card fraud. If you don’t want to suffer from the consequences of being a victim of credit card fraud, never forget to do those steps mentioned above and always ensure that your personal information is protected. Today, there are also some companies offering credit card fraud protection services. Depending on your choice, you can try such services to protect yourself from credit card fraud. But, make sure that your chosen provider is reliable and has a good reputation when it comes to providing such solutions as this can make a huge difference in the long run.
Learning how to prevent credit card fraud online can be challenging, especially if you’re not using the right tools for to resolve the problem. What makes it much difficult to stop credit card fraud over the internet is that you’re not in the thief’s physical presence. You have no photo IDs to compare to the face behind credit cards and as such, you can depend on effective methods to prevent and detect. Unluckily, technology isn’t foolproof, particular if you’re playing with the false bank identification number database.
You can start preventing credit card fraud by establishing identification. While a lot of people depend on the 3-digit code on the back of your card as a proof that the person utilizing the card actually has the ownership of it, it does not prevent against stolen or lost cards. While bin database purports to stay on card numbers that are used in questionable ways, a lot of them fail to keep their information updated. Keeping databases may cost money and tons of companies would rather consider to inflate their profit margins and will leave you with many charges, instead of pouring in the important resources to operate quality products. Beware of those that undersell their competition severely.
If you are an online business owner, you should always prioritize to invest in a reliable bin database. This is the only way that you will be able to tell if the customer has put holds on the card due to stolen or lost criteria. It’s your responsibility to ensure that you know regarding such measures, even if it’s the responsibility of the customer to report about their lost or stolen card.
Checking your monthly statement is also essential. It can be an old fashioned method, yet it can make a big impact on assessing and finding fraudulent charges. Checking your bank statement monthly can alert you to even insignificant charges that are made by authorized users of your financial information. Bank apps and online banking make it easy for you to check your statement no matter where you are. This may help you keep tabs on the possible credit card fraud. Numerous fraudsters will begin by testing small charges to check if the card really works. Keep an eye on the charges you do not recognize, regardless of how small they are. If you think it’s a bit strange, call your credit card provider at the soonest date.
Investing on the safety of yourself and your business can help you prevent credit card fraud online. With this, you will also provide protection to your loyal customers. There are several practices you may perform to avoid this kind of fraud. Considering those mentioned tips above may also come in handy. Just ensure that you know how to implement them effectively for you to get results in the end. If you can’t protect yourself from credit card fraud, hiring experts or considering an identity protection service from a dependable company like IdentityGuard may also be a wise idea for you.